Trump in the Philippines: The island nation with the clues to US strategy - BBC News
We spent 3 years in a long distance relationship, and share our tips so yours can be During our long distance relationship, we met on average every 3 or so months. . I always tried to keep in mind that the negativity from friends and family is just I know everything is possible in this world no matter what people says. They found a negative relation between anger and the student–teacher . Emotions matter to a range of developmental outcomes. However .. Mind in society. Relationships, love and sexuality: what the Filipino teens think and feel . on sexual matters as inexistent (%) and unsatisfactory (%).
There are a number of other Christian groups along Hindus, Buddhists and non-religious groups.
Religion is extremely important to Filipinos, and it permeates many aspects of both personal and work life. Prayers are common before events, conferences and some meetings. Sunday is a day for religion and family and it is disrespectful to ask someone to work this day. The Philippines is one of the most diverse countries in terms of ethnicity.
Ethnic identity is based on a number of factors, two of the most significant being regionality and language. While Filipino based on Tagalog and English are the national language, the Philippines has over different languages. Locals often speak their mother tongue depending on what region they are from amongst one another but will switch to Filipino or English depending on who is present. It is also common to hear mixing both English and Filipino. How important is it to establish a personal relationship with a colleague or client before getting to business?
Building personal relationship is very important to Filipinos. Trust is key in establishing work or business relationships. Spending time with colleagues during coffee break and lunch times is a good opportunity to get to know more about the staff. Not only will the staff be at ease and relaxed in such an informal situation but Filipinos generally enjoy eating and taking snacks.
Filipinos like to be addressed formally with their titles such as Attorney, Doctor, Professor, Director, etc. It is important to establish an amiable relationship before getting to business. Building trust is essential before you can expect to have effective work relationships. Showing respect for the other, and humility, is important in building trust. Take opportunities to engage in informal conversations with your team members, for example during breaks or if you are invited to social events.
Cultural Information - Privileges and Favouritism Question: Would a colleague or employee expect special privileges or considerations given our personal relationship or friendship? Filipinos would generally expect special privileges or considerations given their personal relationship or friendships, among other co-Filipinos but not with non-Filipinos. This behaviour is entrenched in the many interrelated Filipino values and core beliefs. These Filipino values and beliefs are not expected from non-Filipinos.
What is important in the work place is to be firm and transparent about expectations, operational procedures and standards. It is not uncommon for a local colleague or employee to expect favours from one another but this is less likely with a foreigner. There may be an expectation for leniency in work or timelines based on your personal friendship, but this is unlikely to extend to more significant personal favours.
Recruitment at times can be challenging as oftentimes there is sometimes an expectation to recruit those with ties either to family or friends of employees, or to provide opportunities to long-standing employees of the organization who may not be qualified or suited for the position.
Transparency with staff is important during any dealing, ensuring that you are following organizational protocols and standards.
- Trump in the Philippines: The island nation with the clues to US strategy
- Relationships, love and sexuality: what the Filipino teens think and feel
I have a work-related problem with a colleague. Do I confront him or her directly? Filipinos prefer to avoid confrontation. They also have difficulty rejecting or disagreeing, especially when conversing with someone considered superior. When they feel that the truth will offend or embarrass someone, they will respond in an indirect way not to deceive but just to avoid confrontation. One-on-one discussion not confrontation and constructive feedback in private would be a better way of dealing with work-related issues.
It is not recommended to confront a colleague publicly. This can lead to significant resentment that may not be apparent behind friendly appearances.
In general, they avoid confrontation and may not come to you with difficulties they may be having. Feedback should be provided in a positive and constructive manner, with solutions proposed that will not cause your colleague to lose face. What motivates my local colleagues to perform well on the job? Filipinos are defined by their work. They have difficulty dissociating themselves from their work.
It is important to motivate Filipinos by recognizing work well done. Filipinos put a high value in their education which is perceived as a way to greatly improve their status in life and social standing. Family members even contribute towards the education of a sibling and their extended family.
Monetary compensation is often more important than job satisfaction.
Cultural Information - Philippines | Centre for Intercultural Learning
Neural correlates of consciousness The neuronal correlates of consciousness constitute the smallest set of neural events and structures sufficient for a given conscious percept or explicit memory. This case involves synchronized action potentials in neocortical pyramidal neurons. Neurobiology and Neurophilosophy A science of consciousness must explain the exact relationship between subjective conscious mental states and brain states formed by electrochemical interactions in the body, the so-called hard problem of consciousness.
Neurophilosophy is the interdisciplinary study of neuroscience and philosophy of mind. In this pursuit, neurophilosophers, such as Patricia Churchland  Paul Churchland  and Daniel Dennett  have focused primarily on the body rather than the mind.
In this context, neuronal correlates may be viewed as causing consciousness, where consciousness can be thought of as an undefined property that depends upon this complexadaptive, and highly interconnected biological system. The massive parallelism of neural networks allows redundant populations of neurons to mediate the same or similar percepts. Nonetheless, it is assumed that every subjective state will have associated neural correlates, which can be manipulated to artificially inhibit or induce the subject's experience of that conscious state.
The growing ability of neuroscientists to manipulate neurons using methods from molecular biology in combination with optical tools  was achieved by the development of behavioral and organic models that are amenable to large-scale genomic analysis and manipulation. Non-human analysis such as this, in combination with imaging of the human brain, have contributed to a robust and increasingly predictive theoretical framework.
Arousal and content[ edit ] Midline structures in the brainstem and thalamus necessary to regulate the level of brain arousal. Small, bilateral lesions in many of these nuclei cause a global loss of consciousness.
To be conscious of something, the brain must be in a relatively high state of arousal sometimes called vigilancewhether awake or in REM sleep. Brain arousal level fluctuates in a circadian rhythm but these natural cycles may be influenced by lack of sleep, alcohol and other drugs, physical exertion, etc.
Arousal can be measured behaviorally by the signal amplitude required to trigger a given reaction for example, the sound level that causes a subject to turn and look toward the source. In addition to the physical dangers, existing literature has likewise examined, albeit on a smaller scale, how early sexual activity could be compromising teens' emotional and psychological well-being: Research points to different factors affecting early sex among teens.
Several studies have confirmed more risky behaviors in males compared to females higher prevalence of premarital sex, less likelihood to be sexually abstinent, increased odds of engaging in risky sex and younger age at first sexual relationship [ 28 - 31 ]. Socio-economic status is also an important factor. Several family variables have proven to be related to sexual behavior.
Parent-child communication is protective against early sex [ 303334 ], especially for girls [ 33 ]. Furthermore, according to the systematic review of American youth studies done by Buhi and Goodson, the youth's perception of parental attitudes toward sex is a stable predictor of sexual behavior outcomes [ 35 ].
Several studies show that the sources of information available to teens as regards sexuality are incomplete and inappropriate. A study in Costa Rica concludes that a more complete biological information is received compared to affective information.
Furthermore, the same study reports that educational institutions are the most frequently used source, while the family stands in second place [ 36 ]. A Spanish research calls attention to the fact that almost half of the youth between ages 18 and 29 describe communication with their parents on sexual matters as inexistent While parents are the youth's favorite source of information, the youth in actuality turn to friends or partners for information [ 37 ].
Limiting current perspectives to the physical or biological dimensions of sexuality may further obscure fitting solutions. If intervention programs and future research are to be responsive to the needs of teens, what they feel and say should have weight in ongoing discussions.
Expanding this research area has therefore the potential of uncovering important and useful insights on how to best help teens. This research is the first step toward an international study Project YOUR LIFEon what the youth think and feel about relationships, love and sexuality; with the general objective of enabling future health education programs focusing on character and sex education to be grounded on youth's opinions and needs.
In particular, this paper seeks: To know which is the preferred and actual main source of information about relationships, love and sexuality on representative samples of Filipino teen students; 2. To explore what topics the teens would want to know more about; and 3.