Odysseus Relationships by Emily Rivers on Prezi
Circe transformed Odysseus' crew into swine when. they land on her island but Hermes helped Odysseus resist her powers. Odysseus and. It is not just about the goddess and the hero and their relationship, but also Circe is able to foresee the future, hence why Odysseus follows her advice on how. Why should you care about what Circe says in Homer's The Odyssey? Don't worry, we're here to tell you.
The Witch of Endor is more like a priestess or necromancer. So I have it on the best authority that Circe is the first. There are lots of different archetypes of Witches in literary history and Circe herself comes from the sexy temptress Witch tradition.
The association with animals is of course very strong; she has her lions and her wolves. Even the cat aspect is interesting in that she has that feline connection… JDT: Yes, you call her lion, her familiar… MM: Yes, exactly, that is certainly what those would become in later tradition.
She also has a knowledge of herbs and plants and the natural world, as well as some supernatural knowledge. She gives Odysseus advice on how to talk to the spirits and how to summon them out of the underworld, going into great detail, telling him the dimensions of the pit he needs to dig, and the libations he has to make and the rituals he has to go through.
He has power over the dead to some extent, he has dragons, and he also has potions and herbal concoctions. So in the Homeric world it was not an exclusively female thing. There were also other types of Witches in ancient literature. If you look at the poems of Horace, you will see a couple of references that come out of the hag tradition. The women have grey hair, are physically repulsive, and use disgusting and cruel spell components.
In general, in the ancient Greco-Roman world, Witches were associated with love potions, and with curses. Circe comes from a whole family of Witches and for me, the most enthralling moments in the book are the different relationships between her and her sister Pasiphae who she helps to deliver the Minotaurher mother Perse throwing glamours around and of course the one-to-one with her niece Medea who drops by on her way to Corinth.
Did you find that in this respect the theme of Witchcraft was useful for examining their complexities and diverse motivations because they all manifest their Witchcraft in different ways? At its core, Witchcraft is power. Power to transform the world, power to affect the world. For them, their Witchcraft is just a way to make up the difference between their lesser divinity and the greatest gods.
One of the scenes that I loved writing was the meeting between Medea and Circe — the two great Witches of ancient literature! To me, she and Circe represent different reactions to trauma. But the similarity is that they both use the power of their Witchcraft to try to find safety and independence in the world.
I think it was exactly that vilification that inspired me. It felt so unjust. She is the incarnation of male anxiety about female power — look what happens if we give women independence! But in Homer she is much more complex.
At the end of the year Odysseus is reluctant to go but he knows he must, and Circe helps him again, giving him all sorts of advice on how to get past the obstacles ahead.
So in the novel, I wanted to restore that balance. There is a wonderful moment in Homer where Circe explains to Odysseus how to get past the Sirens. In that moment she reveals that she really understands him, and that the two of them have a close friendship of some kind.
I wanted to flip that script, and make Odysseus the cameo! I was also frustrated with how much her narrative is about taming — she threatens Odysseus, but then he pulls his sword on her, and she screams, and falls to her knees begging for mercy. I wanted to subvert and overturn that narrative.
If Circe has power then men are being turned into pigs and if Odysseus has power then Circe is on her knees.
And I disagree with that perspective totally. I think the more freedom and power women have, the more freedom and power men have, so I wanted to come from that perspective. Recently there has been an ascendancy in the Witch acting as a symbol of female autonomy and independence and pushing back against that idea of the Witch as either a wicked old hag or a femme fatale.
Circe in your book is so unique in that she chooses her identity and her Witchcraft comes through her will which has clear parallels with the modern revival of the Witch.
Odyssey: Circe; Good or Bad?
I was wondering whether this was an essential element of understanding her as a character? She looks at the world around her and what she sees is that you can be a victim or a villain, predator or prey.
Odysseus followed Hermes' advice, freeing his men and then remained on the island for one year, feasting and drinking wine. According to Homer, Circe suggested two alternative routes to Odysseus to return to Ithaca: She also advised Odysseus to go to the Underworld and gave him directions.
Ardeas or Agrius otherwise unknown ; Latinus ; and Telegonuswho ruled over the Tyrsenoi, that is the Etruscans. Circe eventually informed him who his absent father was and, when he set out to find Odysseus, gave him a poisoned spear. With this he killed his father unknowingly.
Telegonus then brought back his father's corpse, together with Penelope and Odysseus' other son Telemachusto Aeaea. After burying Odysseus, Circe made the others immortal. According to Lycophron 's Alexandra and John Tzetzes ' scholia on the poem -however, Circe used magical herbs to bring Odysseus back to life after he had been killed by Telegonus.
Odysseus then gave Telemachus to Circe's daughter Cassiphone in marriage. Some time later, Telemachus had a quarrel with his mother-in-law and killed her; Cassiphone then killed Telemachus to avenge her mother's death.
On hearing of this, Odysseus died of grief. Dionysius of Halicarnassus 1. Rhomus, Anteiasand Ardeiaswho respectively founded three cities called by their names: RomeAntiumand Ardea.
In a very late Alexandrian epic from the 5th century AD, the Dionysiaca of Nonnus, her son by Poseidon is mentioned under the name of Phaunos. The first told the story of Odysseus' encounter with Circe. Vase paintings from the period suggest that Odysseus' half-transformed animal-men formed the chorus in place of the usual Satyrs. Fragments of Anaxilas also mention the transformation and one of the characters complains of the impossibility of scratching his face now that he is a pig.
Later traditions tell of her leaving or even destroying the island and moving to Italy, where she was identified with Cape Circeo. Latin literature[ edit ] The theme of turning men into a variety of animals was elaborated by later writers, especially in Latin.
In Virgil 's AeneidAeneas skirts the Italian island where Circe now dwells, and hears the cries of her many male victims, who now number more than the pigs of earlier accounts: The fourth episode covers Circe's encounter with Ulysses lines