English Teaching Techniques: Approach, Method, Technique, and Strategy
Approach, method and technique are ture of reading instruction. Language Experience, One-to-One relationship of these terms. approach, method, technique according to Richards and Rogers. approach refers to theories about the nature of language and language. learning that serve as. As in Teaching by principles by Brown says that in the mid s there was a search for the right method to teach students English as a foreign language, of the three hierarchical elements named, approach, methods and.
They can be psychologically focused such as behaviorism or cognitivism. They can also be based on older philosophies such as idealism or realism. Approaches are fuzzy and hard to define because they are broad in nature. An example of an approach that leads to a method would be the philosophies of scholasticism, faculty of psychology, or even perennialism.
Each of these philosophies encouraged the development of the mind in the way of a muscle. Train the brain and a person would be able to do many different things.
These philosophies have impacted some methods of language teaching as we will see below. Method A method is an application of an approach in the context of language teaching.
An example of a method is the grammar-translation method. Students were able to develop the intellectual capacity to understand the new language through a deductive process of acquiring the rules of the language.
The purpose is not to critique this method but to show how it was derived from the approach that the mind needs to be trained through intellectual exercises to be able to accomplish something. Procedures Procedures are the step-by-step measures to execute a method. The acquisition of knowledge. Knowledge gained through study. To gain knowledge ofor skill in, through study, teaching, instruction or experience. The process of gaining knowledge.
A process by which behavior is changed, shaped, or controlled. The individual process of constructing understanding based on experience from a wide range of sources.
A child naturally has a language acquisition device. A child acquired a language through interaction between the child and environment. The nature of learning: Behaviorism is a theory of learning focusing on observable behavior and discounting any mental activity. Learning is defined simply as the acquisition of new behavior. Children are In the same Language biologically way of other develops in programmed biological the child for language functions language learning to acquisition walk.
Universal Grammar — UG. If children are pre- equipped with UG.
What they have to learn is The ways in which their own language make use of those principles They discover By matching the children need the structure innate access only to of the knowledge of samples of a basic language to natural grammatical language be learned principles UG which serve Once the to the structures as a trigger LAD is of the particular to activate language in the the device. Virtually all children successfully learn their native language at a time in life when they would not be expected to learn anything else so complicated i.
The language children are exposed to does not contain examples of all the linguistic rules and patterns. Animals cannot learn to manipulate a symbol system as complicated as the natural language of a 3- or 4-year-old child. Children acquire grammatical rules without getting explicit instruction. The biological basis for the innatist position: We learn best when we actively construct our own understanding Alan Prichard I putted the plates on the table. You mean, I put the plates on the table.
No, I putted them on all by myself. The following assumptions relate to theories of learning and teaching 1. Learning is facilitated if language learners discover rather than repeat and remember without understanding what is to be learned Silent Way.
Learning involves the unconscious functions, as well as the conscious functions Suggestopedia. The norms of the society often block the process of learning Suggestopedia 4. Language learning will take place if language learners maintain their feeling of security Community Language Learning. Language learning is a process of habit formation Audio Lingual Method Assumption about learning and teaching, which have been developed from theories in psychology, seem to develop faster than those about the nature of language.
For some, it is the primary of a language skill; for others, it is the type and amount of vocabulary and stucture. It is implementational, meaning that a technique is something that actually takes place in language teaching or learning in the classroom.
The following are some examples of techniques in error correction.
English Methodology UPEL-Maturín
The teacher does not praise or criticize so that language learners learn to rely on themselves Silent Way. The teacher often praises when a student has made a good thing in learning Audio Lingual Method. When a student has produced a wrong expression, the teacher just repeats the right one Total Physical Response. Task usually refers to a specialized form of technique or series of techniques closely allied with communicative curricula, and as such must minimally have communicative goals.
It is focuses on the authentic use of language for meaningful communicative purpose beyond the language classroom. The Term of Technique 2. Activity may refer to virtually anything that learners do in the classroom. Such teacher behaviour, however can indeed be referred to as technique.
Approach, Method, Procedure, and Techniques In Language Learning
The Term of Technique 3. Thus, for Richards and Rodgers, this appears to be a catchall term, a thing for holding many small objects or a group or description that includes different things and that does not state clearly what is included or not.
The Term of Technique 4. Practice, behaviour, exercise, strategy In the language-teaching literature, these terms, and perhaps some others, all appear to referin varying degrees of intensity, to what is defined as technique. The Term of Technique 5. The Term of Technique Cont And they can, for your purposes as a language teacher, comfortably refer to the pedagogical units or components of a classroom session.
Mimes, dance, songs, jokes, play. This activity gets the students stimulated, relaxed, motivated, attentive, or otherwise engage and ready for the lesson. It does not necessarily involves use of the target language. Focusing on lesson topic. Teacher directs attention to the topic by verbal or nonverbal evocation of the context relevant to the lesson by questioning or miming or picture presentation, possibly by tape recording of situations and peole. Grammatical, phonological, lexical vocabularysociolinguistic, pragmatic, or any other aspect of language.
Selected students or teacher illustrate the procedure s to be applied in the lesson segment to follow. Includes brief illustration of language or other content to be incorporated.
Reading or listening passage presented for passive reception. Reciting a previously known or prepared text, either in unison or individually. Reading directly from a given text. Activity involving prompting of students responses by means of display questions i.
Approach, method, technique in language teaching | Elih Sutisna Yanto - immobilier-haute-garonne.info
Typical language activity involving fixed patterns of teacher prompting and student responding, usually with repetition, substitution, and other mechanical alterations. Typically with little meaning attached. Student or teacher provision of L1 or L2 translation of given text. Student writing down orally presented text. Student writing down text presented visually. Student identifying forms, as in identification i. Formal testing procedures to evaluate student progress.
Drill activity involving responses with meaningful choices, as in reference to different information. Distinguished from information exchange by the regulated sequence and general form of responses.