Treaty establishing the European Economic Community - Wikisource, the free online library
In , the Treaty of Rome creates the European Economic Community (EEC), They also agree joint control over food production, so that everybody now has . Convinced of the contribution that a European Economic Area will bring to the .. Article Aid shall be compatible with this Agreement if it meets the needs of. The EEC, which came into operation in January , was a major step in Europe's and West German leaders immediately agreed, to allay fears of German militarization. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!.
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that any State monopoly of a commercial character be adjusted so that no discrimination regarding the conditions under which goods are procured and marketed will exist between nationals of EC Member States and EFTA States. The provisions of this Article shall apply to any body through which the competent authorities of the Contracting Parties, in law or in fact, either directly or indirectly supervise, determine or appreciably influence imports or exports between Contracting Parties.
These provisions shall likewise apply to monopolies delegated by the State to others. Chapter 2 - Agricultural and fishery products Article 17 Annex I contains specific provisions and arrangements concerning veterinary and phytosanitary matters.
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Article 18 Without prejudice to the specific arrangements governing trade in agricultural products, the Contracting Parties shall ensure that the arrangements provided for in Articles 17 and 23 a and bas they apply to products other than those covered by Article 8 3are not compromised by other technical barriers to trade.
Article 13 shall apply. The Contracting Parties shall examine any difficulties that might arise in their trade in agricultural products and shall endeavour to seek appropriate solutions.
The Contracting Parties undertake to continue their efforts with a view to achieving progressive liberalization of agricultural trade.
To this end, the Contracting Parties will carry out, before the end of and subsequently at two-yearly intervals, reviews of the conditions of trade in agricultural products. In the light of the results of these reviews, within the framework of their respective agricultural policies and taking into account the results of the Uruguay Round, the Contracting Parties will decide, within the framework of this Agreement, on a preferential, bilateral or multilateral, reciprocal and mutually beneficial basis, on further reductions of any type of barriers to trade in the agricultural sector, including those resulting from State monopolies of a commercial character in the agricultural field.
Article 20 Provisions and arrangements that apply to fish and other marine products are set out in Protocol 9. Chapter 3 - Cooperation in customs-related matters and trade facilitation Article 21 1. In order to facilitate trade between them, the Contracting Parties shall simplify border controls and formalities.
Arrangements for this purpose are set out in Protocol The Contracting Parties shall assist each other in customs matters in order to ensure that customs legislation is correctly applied.
The Contracting Parties shall strengthen and broaden cooperation with the aim of simplifying the procedures for trade in goods, in particular in the context of Community programmes, projects and actions aimed at trade facilitation, in accordance with the rules set out in Part VI.
Notwithstanding Article 8 3this Article shall apply to all products. Article 22 A Contracting Party which is considering the reduction of the effective level of its duties or charges having equivalent effect applicable to third countries benefiting from most-favoured-nation treatment, or which is considering the suspension of their application, shall, as far as may be practicable, notify the EEA Joint Committee not later than thirty days before such reduction or suspension comes into effect.
It shall take note of any representations by other Contracting Parties regarding any distortions which might result there from. Chapter 4 - Other rules relating to the free movement of goods Article 23 Specific provisions and arrangements are laid down in: Protocol 12 and Annex II in relation to technical regulations, standards, testing and certification; b. Protocol 47 in relation to the abolition of technical barriers to trade in wine; c.
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Annex III in relation to product liability. They shall apply to all products unless otherwise specified. Article 24 Annex IV contains specific provisions and arrangements concerning energy. Article 25 Where compliance with the provisions of Articles 10 and 12 leads to: Article 26 Anti-dumping measures, countervailing duties and measures against illicit commercial practices attributable to third countries shall not be applied in relations between the Contracting Parties, unless otherwise specified in this Agreement.
Chapter 5 - Coal and steel products Article 27 Provisions and arrangements concerning coal and steel products are set out in Protocols 14 and Such freedom of movement shall entail the abolition of any discrimination based on nationality between workers of EC Member States and EFTA States as regards employment, remuneration and other conditions of work and employment.
It shall entail the right, subject to limitations justified on grounds of public policy, public security or public health: The provisions of this Article shall not apply to employment in the public service. Annex V contains specific provisions on the free movement of workers.
Article 29 In order to provide freedom of movement for workers and self-employed persons, the Contracting Parties shall, in the field of social security, secure, as provided for in Annex VI, for workers and self-employed persons and their dependants, in particular: Article 30 In order to make it easier for persons to take up and pursue activities as workers and self-employed persons, the Contracting Parties shall take the necessary measures, as contained in Annex VII, concerning the mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates and other evidence of formal qualifications, and the coordination of the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in the Contracting Parties concerning the taking up and pursuit of activities by workers and selfemployed persons.
Chapter 2 - Right of establishment Article 31 1. Within the framework of the provisions of this Agreement, there shall be no restrictions on the freedom of establishment of nationals of an EC Member State or an EFTA State in the territory of any other of these States.
Freedom of establishment shall include the right to take up and pursue activities as self-employed persons and to set up and manage undertakings, in particular companies or firms within the meaning of Article 34, second paragraph, under the conditions laid down for its own nationals by the law of the country where such establishment is effected, subject to the provisions of Chapter 4.
Article 32 The provisions of this Chapter shall not apply, so far as any given Contracting Party is concerned, to activities which in that Contracting Party are connected, even occasionally, with the exercise of official authority. Article 33 The provisions of this Chapter and measures taken in pursuance thereof shall not prejudice the applicability of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action providing for special treatment for foreign nationals on grounds of public policy, public security or public health.
Article 35 The provisions of Article 30 shall apply to the matters covered by this Chapter. Chapter 3 - Services Article 36 1. Annexes IX to XI contain specific provisions on the freedom to provide services. Article 37 Services shall be considered to be 'services' within the meaning of this Agreement where they are normally provided for remuneration, in so far as they are not governed by the provisions relating to freedom of movement for goods, capital and persons.
Without prejudice to the provisions of Chapter 2, the person providing a service may, in order to do so, temporarily pursue his activity in the State where the service is provided, under the same conditions as are imposed by that State on its own nationals.
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Article 38 Freedom to provide services in the field of transport shall be governed by the provisions of Chapter 6.
Article 39 The provisions of Articles 30 and 32 to 34 shall apply to the matters covered by this Chapter. Chapter 4 - Capital Article 40 Within the framework of the provisions of this Agreement, there shall be no restrictions between the Contracting Parties on the movement of capital belonging to persons resident in EC Member States or EFTA States and no discrimination based on the nationality or on the place of residence of the parties or on the place where such capital is invested.
These institutions except for the auditors were created in by the EEC but from onwards they applied to all three Communities. The Council represents governments, the Parliament represents citizens and the Commission represents the European interest. The Commission then drafts this and presents it to the Council for approval and the Parliament for an opinion in some cases it had a veto, depending upon the legislative procedure in use.
The Commission's duty is to ensure it is implemented by dealing with the day-to-day running of the Union and taking others to Court if they fail to comply. Despite this, Parliament in particular has gained more power over legislation and security of the Commission.
The Court was the highest authority in the law, settling legal disputes in the Community, while the Auditors had no power but to investigate.
Common Market founded - HISTORY
There was greater difference between these than name: From here on, the term European Communities were used for the institutions for example, from Commission of the European Economic Community to the Commission of the European Communities.
The Council of the European Communities was a body holding legislative and executive powers and was thus the main decision making body of the Community. Its Presidency rotated between the member states every six months and it is related to the European Councilwhich was an informal gathering of national leaders started in on the same basis as the Council.
However the Council met in various forms depending upon the topic. For example, if agriculture was being discussed, the Council would be composed of each national minister for agriculture. They represented their governments and were accountable to their national political systems. Votes were taken either by majority with votes allocated according to population or unanimity. In these various forms they share some legislative and budgetary power of the Parliament.
Commission[ edit ] The Commission of the European Communities was the executive arm of the community, drafting Community lawdealing with the day to running of the Community and upholding the treaties. It was designed to be independent, representing the Community interest, but was composed of national representatives two from each of the larger states, one from the smaller states.
One of its members was the Presidentappointed by the Council, who chaired the body and represented it.