Summary of Religions and Beliefs | University of Bolton
Acknowledge your religious differences and have open conversations [about them] throughout your relationship, but always respect each. Religion can be explained as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and Judaism. Based around the Jewish people's covenant relationship with God. The religions both share a belief in the virgin birth of Jesus, his miracles and healings, and that he ascended bodily into.
The Court found no violation; it held in particular that the question of religious symbols in classrooms was, in principle, a matter falling within the margin of appreciation of the state, provided that decisions in that area did not lead to a form of indoctrination and there was nothing to suggest that the authorities were intolerant of pupils who believed in other religions, were non-believers or who held non-religious philosophical convictions. Turkey This case concerned the refusal by the applicant, a Jehovah's Witness and conscientious objector, to perform military service for reasons of conscience and his successive convictions for that reason.
The Court found a violation of Article 9 and a violation of Article 6 right to a fair trial. It invited Turkey to enact legislation concerning conscientious objectors and to introduce an alternative form of service.
The Framework Convention on the Protection of National Minorities also protects religion as an element of the identity of minorities, "The Parties undertake to promote the conditions necessary for persons belonging to national minorities to maintain and develop their culture, and to preserve the essential elements of their identity, namely their religion, language, traditions and cultural heritage" Article 5 and prohibits forced assimilation.
Youth work and religion and belief Nothing which breathes, which exists, which lives, or which has essence or potential of life, should be destroyed or ruled over, or subjugated, or harmed, or denied of its essence or potential.
Just as sorrow or pain is not desirable to you, so it is to all which breathe, exist, live or have any essence of life. Acaranga Sutra Religion is an issue that many young people deal with in their daily lives at home, in public, at work or at school.
Youth work can help to make religious differences a factor of cultural enrichment for young people instead of being a source of confrontation, especially through the lenses of mutual understanding, tolerance and acceptance of difference.
Whether working at a local, regional or international level, youth workers need to be aware of the potential role and influence of religion and belief on the process of any given activity, as well as on the planned objectives of the activity. Accepting diversity is a good starting point; building on diversity as a source of strength is an excellent way to continue. A growing number of youth organisations are actively working in the field of inter-religious dialogue, promoting a dialogue between equals, and being self-critical of their own religious traditions, with the aim of increasing understanding.
Taking into consideration differences of belief and practice within the group, before and during the activity, can contribute to a better atmosphere in the group from the start. Knowing about some of the rituals and practices of different religions can be very useful and important for the good functioning and success of youth events.
Portal:Contents/Religion and belief systems - Wikipedia
Consideration of dietary laws, places and times for prayer, the religious calendar and daily practices of different religious groups e. The particularities of the place of the activity and the expectations of the hosting environment are equally important, in order to show respect for the needs of the group participants. A degree of sensitivity towards religious diversity within the group would create a certain positive and motivating attitude and curiosity towards the religious practices and beliefs of others.
This might also help to promote mutual respect and understanding, while helping to overcome any strong prejudices related to religious beliefs and practices.
What importance does religious tolerance have in your work with young people? Love your neighbor as yourself. Leviticus There is a large amount of youth work that is faith-based, and there are many faith-based youth organisations. The Council of Europe's youth sector works closely with a variety of international youth organisations that are faith-based and encourages co-operation among them. Study sessions and training activities at the European Youth Centre regularly include organisations such as: T'ai Shang Kan Ying P'ien Some of these organisations got together within the framework of the European Youth Forum and constituted the Faith-Based Group of youth organisations in order to learn about each other, promote diversity and fight discrimination and hatred.
The Tool Kit, published by the European Youth Forum, provides information about monotheistic religions and proposes several methodologies and activities to understand and de-construct prejudices and stereotypes related to religion and to promote inter-religious dialogue. The tool kit may be downloaded from the Internet site of the European Youth Forum www.
Identifying issues and priorities. Equality and Human Rights Commission,p. It holds that its Bishops are the successors of the Apostles of Jesus and its Pope the successor of St Peter, and Mary the mother of Jesus is venerated. The term Catholicism broadly denotes the varying body of traditions, nations, demographics and behaviours generally subscribed to the Faith.
U.S. Public Becoming Less Religious
However, some consider Anglicanism to be Protestant, and some consider Radical Reformism not to be Protestant. Members are known as "Mormons". Book of Mormon — the earliest distinctive scripture of the Latter Day Saint movement. Confucianism — a Chinese system of philosophical and "ethical-sociopolitical teachings" sometimes described as a religion. Shinto — an ethnic religion of the people of Japan.
Taoism — a religious and philosophical tradition of Chinese origin with an emphasis on living in harmony with, and in accordance to the natural flow or cosmic structural order of the universe commonly referred to as the Tao. Ayyavazhi — Henotheistic belief that originated in South India. It is cited as an independent monistic religion by several newspapers, government reports and academic researchers. Messianic Jews—who generally seek to combine a Jewish identity with the recognition of Jesus—are rejected by mainstream Jewish groups[ citation needed ], who dismiss Messianic Judaism as little more than Christianity with Jewish undertones.
According to Jewsthe Hebrew Scriptures contain a small number of prophecies concerning a future descendant of King Davidwho will be anointed Hebrew: In the Jewish view, this fully human and mortal leader will rebuild the land of Israel and restore the Davidic Kingdom.
This subject is covered in the section on Jewish eschatology. Some Christians have a different understanding of the term messiah, and believe that Jesus is the messiah referred to in the Old Testament prophecies; that the kingdom in these prophecies was to be a heavenly kingdomnot an earthly one; and that Jesus' words and actions in the New Testament provide evidence of his identity as messiah and that the remainder of messianic prophecy will be fulfilled in the Second Coming.
Other Christians acknowledge the Jewish definition of messiah, and hold that Jesus fulfills this, being 'fully man' in addition to being 'fully God'and believe that the Second Coming will establish the Kingdom of God on earth, where Jesus, as messiah and descendant from David, will reign from Jerusalem. Christianity and IslamChristian view of Muhammadand Christian influences in Islam Islam shares a number of beliefs with Christianity. They share similar views on judgmentheaven, hell, spirits, angels, and a future resurrection.
Jesus is acknowledged and respected by Muslims as a great prophet. However, while Islam relegates Jesus to a lesser status than God — "in the company of those nearest to God" in the Qur'anmainstream Trinitarian Christianity teaches without question that Jesus is God the Sonone of the three Hypostases common English: The religions both share a belief in the virgin birth of Jesushis miracles and healings, and that he ascended bodily into heaven.
However, Jesus is not accepted as the son by Muslims, who strictly maintain that he was a human being who was loved by God and exalted by God to ranks of the most righteous. They believe in God as a single entity, not as the Trinity accepted by the vast majority of Christians. Neither do Muslims accept Jesus' crucifixion. Since Muslims believe only in the worship of a strictly monotheistic God who never assumed human fleshthey do not accept the use of iconsand see this as shirk idolatry.
Muslim influence played a part in the initiation of iconoclasm and their conquests caused the iconoclasm in the Byzantine Empire. For the same reason, they do not worship or pray to MuhammadJesusor any other prophets; only to God. Adherents of Islam have historically referred to themselves, Jews, and Christians among others as People of the Book since they all base their religion on books that are considered to have a divine origin.
Christians however neither recognize the Qur'an as a genuine book of divine revelation, nor agree with its assessment of Jesus as a mere prophet, on par with Muhammadnor for that matter accept that Muhammad was a genuine prophet.
Muslims, for their part, believe that parts of the Gospels, Torah and Jewish prophetic books have been forgotten, misinterpreted, or distorted by their followers. Based on that perspective, Muslims view the Qur'an as correcting the errors of Christianity. For example, Muslims reject belief in the Trinityor any other expression of the divinity of Jesus, as incompatible with monotheism.
Not surprisingly, the two faiths have often experienced controversy and conflict an example being the Crusades.World Religions Beliefs
At the same time, much fruitful dialogue has occurred as well. Better mutual understanding will surely lead, at the practical level, to a new way of presenting our two religions not in opposition, as has happened too often in the past, but in partnership for the good of the human family. Relations with Hinduism[ edit ] Main article: Christianity and Hinduism Buddhism, Hinduism and Christianity differ on fundamental beliefs on heavenhell and reincarnationto name a few.
From the Hindu perspective, heaven Sanskrit svarga and hell Naraka are temporary places, where every soul has to live, either for the good deeds done or for their sins committed. There also exist significant similarities in Christian and Hindu theology, most notably in that both religions present a trinitarian view of God. The Holy Trinity of Christianity, consisting of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, is sometimes seen as roughly analogous to the Trimurti of Hinduism, whose members -- BrahmaVishnuand Shiva —are seen as the three principal manifestations of Brahmanor Godhead.
Christian-Hindu relations are a mixed affair. On one hand, Hinduism's natural tendency has been to recognize the divine basis of various other religions, and to revere their founders and saintly practitioners.
In Western countries, Vedanta has influenced some Christian thinkers, while others in the anti- cult movement have reacted against the activities of immigrant gurus and their followers. The Christian Ashram Movementa movement within Christianity in Indiaembraces Vedanta and the teachings of the East, attempting to combine the Christian faith with the Hindu ashram model and Christian monasticism with the Hindu sannyasa tradition.