The Role of Libraries in Education – Information Science Today
Academic journal article Educational Research Quarterly. The Relationship between Library Use and Academic Achievement of English and Spanish- Speaking. Abstract: The objective of the paper is to establish a relationship between the library, literacy and education. It also discussed the library as a pre-requisite for. The inseparable relationship between the libraries and education started way back in the Byzantium or Constantinople (the ancient city of Thrace in modern.
It will also measure the distances to more than a million galaxies and quasars. It is the most ambitious astronomical survey project ever undertaken. In we initiated a High-Performance Network Applications Program that has provided funding for IU faculty and graduate students to develop new research and teaching applications that require high-performance local, regional, or national networks.
A number of these awards went to applications in the arts and humanities. One such application is the archaeological reconstruction and rendering of ruins such as the Mayan sites in Chichen Itza and delivery of high-resolution virtual tours of these sites over computer networks.
These archaeological reconstructions form the basis of the Cultural Digital Library Indexing Our Heritage CLIOH project, which is creating a digital archive of cultural heritage sites from around the world.
Another high-performance network application in the arts and humanities is the use of networks to create shared virtual spaces for collaborative performance of musical works by musicians in diverse or remote locations. All of these applications further the development and evaluation of network-based collaborative environments for information sharing and information seeking, from virtual reality interfaces to digital libraries.
More than faculty, staff, and students worked energetically to develop our first IT strategic plan. Librarians and technology professionals had, at that point, been meeting for some time in informal discussion groups that enabled their two cultures to explore matters of mutual interest. Faculty provided substantial input from the beginning of the planning process.
They work on common platforms, use the latest software, and are networked as well as any university in the world. UITS provides uniform, integrated services throughout the university, and it is staffed by individuals with high levels of expertise.
Life-cycle replacement also extends to digital library-specific infrastructure for example, servers, digitization equipment, and software that is essential for creating sustainable persistent digital libraries. The strategic plan worked, in part, because it had funding attached to it.
The IU library system and digital library program have capitalized on the strong, centralized IT structure that the IT strategic plan helped us develop. Activities such as archiving and system management-often the responsibility of the library automation specialists-are performed by UITS. Moreover, this centralization frees librarians, and particularly those in the Digital Library Program, to respond to critical changes taking place in teaching, learning, and research.
Development of digital resources, such as course management tools, emphasizes the need for a coordinated approach to networked information services. Many believe that integration is the most vital key to present success and dramatic growth in the future.
Digital libraries will flourish in an integrated information landscape that maximizes resources, offers intersections that facilitate dialogue, deliberately promotes collaborative strategic planning, and enables more agile responsiveness to evolving trends in learning and research. Forging Partnerships Is Essential to Realizing the Full Promise of Digital Library Development The decentralized organization common to academic culture poses obstacles to the development of digital libraries as strategic aspects of the university enterprise.
Indiana University is among a fairly small group of libraries that have a strong relationship between their IT organization and their library-some others are the University of Southern California, Stanford, Columbia, and the University of Virginia. At many institutions, IT infrastructure is not centralized. Frequently, support and funding for libraries, including digital library development, are separate from support and funding for other IT activities in the university, thus creating silos of development and duplication of technology infrastructure.
Such separation and duplication are especially problematic in this era of constrained resources. And they can slow the pace of change. Partnerships are essential in this regard.
In fact, I would venture to say that such partnerships are no longer optional. We have jointly funded library appointments. This arrangement benefits the organizational structure by establishing formal lines of communication and ensuring that staff members work toward shared goals. Only by working collaboratively, for example, can we find ways to share metadata across institutions and create search capabilities.
The Sheet Music Consortium is gathering data from large collections of American music to create a central searchable repository of descriptive metadata about the holdings in those collections and at the Library of Congress.
While consortium member institutions catalog their sheet music in different ways, a large proportion of these materials have been digitized, thus providing users direct access to the music and, in some instances, to the covers and advertisements, which offer insight into the cultural context in which the songs were published.
- There was a problem providing the content you requested
- Role of libraries in education
Partnerships such as these bring us a few steps closer to developing reliable principles for metadata and to creating transparent standards that will enable interinstitutional access to shared bodies of digitized and analog materials.
The evolving role of library information technology and the new emphasis on partnerships are leading to the creation of a digital repository accessible across all schools and campuses that would centralize the management, preservation, and distribution of currently localized digital collections and would address issues of licensed content and faculty research. It is clearly in line with the PITAC recommendations to create several large-scale, federally funded digital library testbeds.
The research and development layer focuses on usability that integrates user testing in design methodology, on the development and implementation of metadata guidelines for musical holdings, on intellectual property rights evaluations, and on network requirements for delivering high-fidelity, real-time audio and data for interactive music research and teaching applications.
Along those lines, some may wonder whether the library as a physical place is becoming obsolete, or they may assume that, at the very least, its role needs to be reconceived in an era when so many reference and research materials are available to potential library users from their desktop computers.
With the creation of the groundbreaking Information Commons, Jerry Campbell at the USC both presented an answer to this question and established a model for others to follow.
Our technology organization recognized the increasing demand for more student technology centers, multimedia capability, and group workstation space, which are the responsibility of UITS. Space, particularly centralized space, is at a premium on campus. Students require group spaces with technology access. Faculty, likewise, require spaces for teaching and meeting. Both need workstations and technical support for the creation of multimedia presentations. The Information Commons will integrate technology with irreplaceable print collections and the resources of IT support staff with the expertise of library user and instructional services and reference staff.
And it will serve as an intellectual gathering place, the sort of marketplace of ideas that remains a crucial element of any community of learning, even a twenty-first century one.
As many scholars have suggested, information overload is one of the greatest problems we will face in the future. The Internet is not a library, nor does it have the organized cataloging and commitment to preservation that make the library an accessible and imminently usable resource. There is no sense that someone has surveyed the available resources and selected a set of materials that is both comprehensive and delimited.
Large universities will have a continuing major role in providing access to huge print resources and in serving the faculty who use them. At the same time, they are building the future digital environment that will provide possibilities to integrate the library in vital new ways. Librarians have an opportunity to be much more than knowledge navigators. They have the opportunity to define the digital libraries of the future, but only if they are able to straddle the worlds of virtual and traditional collections.
In the digital age, libraries are no longer our primary storehouses of knowledge. More and more, the source of information is constantly at our fingertips. But like the Alexandrian library, the contemporary research library is more than ever before a vital hub of intellectual dialogue and discovery.
It will continue to be the place where tributaries of knowledge converge and develop new currents of thought and creative activity. Investing in Our Future. Many, if not all, of these transformations are central to the missions of universities.
It is of the utmost importance for universities to direct their attention and resources to working-individually, in collaboration with one another, and in partnership with the government-to advance the state of knowledge and practice in digital libraries.
Role of libraries in education – Daily Pakistan Observer –
In order to do so, universities must plan strategically to develop the IT infrastructure and services and the institutional arrangements that will enable digital libraries to realize their transformational potential in research and education and throughout society. One of the more interesting digital projects currently under way serves as a good metaphor for my message today.
The project, which is funded by the NSF, involves Stanford computer science engineers, archaeologists, and classics scholars in a partnership with the Sovraintendenza of the City of Rome. Their goal is to reconstruct the Severan Marble Plan, a highly detailed map that depicts the floor plan and every architectural feature of each building in ancient Rome. The map was carved on marble slabs that covered the entire back wall of the Roman Templum Pacis.
Today, only 15 percent of this gargantuan city map exists, and it is broken into more than a thousand pieces. Classicists have tried for centuries to piece together the puzzle of the Severan Marble Plan. Now they are doing so by making a high-resolution digitized version of it available on the Web, so that a range of scholars can study the pieces.
The research team is even developing a viewer that will allow members of the general public to match fragments and a slab map that reconstructs the known areas of the plan. This is a wonderful example of how technology is making classical studies more accessible, but it is also a good analogy for our enterprise. As we survey a changing landscape, we, too, must try to fit the pieces together.
In the same way that marble tablets gave way to other means of recording and disseminating information, paper and our treasured models of libraries as bricks-and-mortar repositories of knowledge will give way to new technologies, new paradigms, and new roles for librarians. Like the team of scholars reconstructing this map, we will collaborate to pool our knowledge and resources and to make strategic decisions.
The world is moving inexorably in the direction of library systems of collaboratively held collections that capitalize on integrated IT infrastructure and provide wide, yet organized, access to distributed information. And it is up to university IT professionals to aid them in that effort through constantly deepening collaboration.
Acknowledgments My most sincere thanks go to Susan Moke and Gerry Bernbom for all of their work on successive drafts of this paper.
References Greenstein, Daniel, and Suzanne Thorin. Council on Library and Information Resources. A library is an indispensable embellishment to a school, university, museum, organization or institution, without which, any teaching institution will find it hard to impart education sans the knowledge accruing from it.
A good education is imperative to impart to a human being, perfect and adequate knowledge in a rational and civic manner, withdrawing him from the realms of ignorance into the glow of enlightenment, a path of useful and factual information leading to self- education, thus leading him to enjoy intellectual self reliability that enhances his inner vision on factors like behavior, attitude, character, conduct and outlook.
He will learn all aspects of knowledge, differentiate between the right and the wrong, the good and the bad, and in general, set him apart from meager men. It is a treasure house of information and knowledge that employs trained librarians to preserve, systematize and administer, so that they can contribute successfully to the continuing education and self improvement of men, women and children by providing meaningful assistance to identifying, extracting and disseminating proper information from the maze of material available in its resources.
In the matter of education, the library officer is best placed to guide you on the best available resources in the library, including the notations in elusive magazines and periodicals, rare books, manuscripts and microfilms, abstracts, indices and bibliography Catalogues which a research scholar will be hard put to find on his own.School Libraries at the Heart of Transformation
Most researchers appreciate the invaluable role of a professional librarian in advancing their quest for knowledge and the education that comes with it. The Special Library A special library has information on a particular group of subjects, and caters exclusively to the resource requirements of a specific organization, company or a department of the government. One of its principal aims is to save the time of the staff members and researchers of such institutions.
Libraries that are very special, like those pertaining to business Administration, for example, must cater to information on statistics, accountancy, economics, and banking.
With a clear mandate for direct access to the needed information only, researchers will find them more accessible, corporeal, down- to- earth and a great time saver in their interaction for specific information and education in whichever organization that houses them. Public libraries, therefore, will wear the mantle of an important constituent in the future of the lifelong continuous learning process and education by donning their contemporary thinking cap on how to improve evolving tasks, demands and working environments.
Educational Role of the Library
They will also have to bring about change in the perception of the responsibilities of the librarian in pursuit of a more useful library system in tune with the new demands of the users. The public libraries and their expert librarians offer not only wide access to information from a global network, thanks to the development of the networks as a result of the advancement in technology and communication, but also offer their expertise in areas of information sourcing and their quality rating.
In other words, a public library is an indispensable pillar of democratic knowledge. Public libraries now certainly play a more strategic part in establishing lifelong learning tools in a meaningful effort to become dynamic collaborators in the systems of education. Their focus on using communication technology and networking in their efforts to reach out to the educational institutions is another feather in promoting a lifelong learning process.
The Academic Libraries Academic libraries cater specifically to the educational needs of a school, college or university where it is located, for the convenience of the students and teachers. However, in the case of a university, they will have more focus also on information related to research and projects. The Academic library has the utmost potential to develop into the best learner-centered facility among all campuses.
The view is growing stronger that those who inherit the control of Academic libraries must appreciate that, though the educational fabric of these institutions are inextricably tied to their parent institution, they are indeed self-contained educational establishments that can shape the educational destiny of students and even others who come into contact with them.
Experts opine that accumulated knowledge leads to new and innovative ideas that are passed down for the benefit of the generations that follow. As part of the education, it is the librarian and his assistants that disseminate the compilation of such knowledge after revitalizing it, to the young men and women who will be the leaders of tomorrow in diverse fields like, research.
The library stands as a permanent resolute pillar in promoting the process of culture and education. The developments of the not too recent past, after the advent of IT, have pushed the way we communicate, learn and work, into one with a revolutionary pace.
New business infrastructures, healthcare, academic research, economic development and social interaction have sprung from the arrival of networking, data storage, new innovative software and microprocessors, thus providing for direct access to all information, eliminating the legendary intermediary, and thus gaining on space and time.
Such serious changes can be brought about only by stringent planning and the active involvement of the librarians in this changing education scenario.