4 The plant suffers from poor utilization of workspace, poor material handling and safety To study the current flow pattern and relation of overall plant layout. Title: PLANT LAYOUT & MATERIAL HANDLING, Author: jahan nathan, Name: PLANT “Plant layout involves the development of physical relationships among . PLANT LAYOUT. Defnition: “Plant layout is the optimum arrangement of different facilities including man, . Q. Relationship B/W Plant layout & Material handling.
Air filters, Coolant filters, Sand filters, Strainer, etc. Also placement of raw material and in process material hinders manufacturing process. So, our aim is to optimize the plant layout for efficient production system and select suitable material handling system, which in turn will also increase productivity of plant.
Poor placement of machining equipment. Problems in material handling causing unnecessary increase in production time and cost.
Several injuries of labours due to improper precautionary measures. To develop a new plant layout. To select appropriate storage system. Instead of criterion of minimizing total distance travelled, it is suitable to minimize the total distance of the material travelled.
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ER method helped in calculation of efficiency for the different layouts generated 9 A facility allocation technique of the layout Sr. Existing layouts have been modified by using Travel Chart Technique analysis and considering material handling cost as the criterion. The process permits the quickest material flow in processing the product at the lowest cost and least amount of handling.
Levels of plant layout design: In order to select best suitable layout we have to draw different layout with different possibilities. Some of the software used in drawing plant layout are: Generally, in any manufacturing firm various activities are related to each others either by flow of material, handling possibilities or constraints in layout.
The activity relationship chart of our plant layout is as shown with the possible ratings and reasons for their closeness. Space requirement should be determined: For individual work stations For department requirement The total area available in the plant is 24 x 34 m2.
Small size Products c. If it is required to move the materials by hand operated or power operated trucks, sufficient passage should be provided.
OPTIMIZATION OF PLANT LAYOUT - ppt download
If the building is multi storied, lift, elevators and conveyors of different types must be utilized to enable efficient material handling. The location of items in the store room should provide for minimum handling of materials to the point of issue, accessibility and efficient space utilization. Material Handling in Product Type of Layout: The product type of layout require some direct means of transportation between various operations, Material handling methods and machines like the layout itself tend to be special purpose in nature for this type of layout where the nature of the product allows it, gravity chutes can be effectively utilized.
Conveyors to fit all different applications of size, shape and weight of part are commercially available.
Relation between Plant Layout and Material Handling
These conveyors may fit in product type of layout well. Many processes such as cleaning, painting drying and weighing as in case of certain liquid materials may take place while the material moves. The special purpose nature of product layout design often makes it worth while to design special handling equipment which is integrated with processing so completely that the entire line works as a single integrated machine.
Material Handling in Functional Layout: The basic requirement of material handling techniques used in functional layout is flexibility i. The types of material handling equipment which suit this requirement are in general, mobile trucks, tractor, trains, fork, lift, trucks and cranes etc.
The important characteristic of an efficient material handling equipment is the time required to pick up or set down load. Therefore, quick pickup system have developed around skids and pallets.