Relationship between poverty and infectious diseases

relationship between poverty and infectious diseases

With a dynamic and robust focus on the infectious diseases that disproportionately affect poor populations, Infectious Diseases of Poverty is an open access. It's unfortunate that infectious diseases cause the most harm in populations that don't have the means to successfully battle them. In this lesson. Infectious and neglected tropical diseases kill and weaken millions of the What other links are there between poverty and poor health?.

What other links are there between poverty and poor health? The economic and political structures which sustain poverty and discrimination need to be transformed in order for poverty and poor health to be tackled.

relationship between poverty and infectious diseases

Marginalised groups and vulnerable individuals are often worst affected, deprived of the information, money or access to health services that would help them prevent and treat disease.

Very poor and vulnerable people may have to make harsh choices — knowingly putting their health at risk because they cannot see their children go hungry, for example. The cultural and social barriers faced by marginalised groups — including indigenous communities — can mean they use health services less, with serious consequences for their health.

Key Facts: Poverty and Poor Health | Health Poverty Action

This perpetuates their disproportionate levels of poverty. In the worst cases, the burden of illness may mean that families sell their property, take children out of school to earn a living or even start begging. Overcrowded and poor living conditions can contribute to the spread of airborne diseases such as tuberculosis and respiratory infections such as pneumonia. Reliance on open fires or traditional stoves can lead to deadly indoor air pollution. A lack of food, clean water and sanitation can also be fatal.

Which infectious diseases are the main killers worldwide? HIV, diarrhoea, tuberculosis and malaria, as well as communicable respiratory diseases such as pneumonia kill the most people.

Diseases and the Links to Poverty | Health |

Diarrhoea, pneumonia and malaria account for nearly half of all child deaths globally. Neglected tropical diseases affect over one billion people, almost all in the poorest and most marginalised communities. You may not have heard of diseases such as leprosy, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminths and trachoma, but they can cause severe pain and life-long disabilities — and mean enormous productivity losses.

However, efforts to tackle them have usually taken a back seat to the bigger killers.

relationship between poverty and infectious diseases

Which are the most deadly non-communicable illnesses worldwide? The biggest non-communicable killers are maternal and newborn deaths and deaths related to poor nutrition, cardiovascular disease and non-communicable respiratory diseases. How do disease and infection affect economic growth? Importantly, we show that the burden of VBPDs is, in turn, determined by underlying ecological conditions. In particular, the model predicts that the burden of disease will rise as biodiversity falls.

Key Facts: Poverty and Poor Health

One study found that in sub-Saharan Africa, wealthier people might be more at risk of infection than poorer people due, in part, to increased wealth leading to higher rates of mobility. Malaria Malaria is attributable to one million deaths globally per year and predominantly affects people in the world's poorer regions. According to UNICEF "malaria is truly a disease of poverty — afflicting primarily the poor who tend to live in malaria-prone rural areas in poorly-constructed dwellings that offer few, if any, barriers against mosquitoes".

The Center for Disease Control in the US estimates that around 12 billion USD is spent per year diagnosing and treating malaria while the Malaria Foundation states that economic loss due to malaria is around 1.

relationship between poverty and infectious diseases

Tuberculosis Tuberculosis results in around two million deaths per year, 98 percent of which occur in developing countries. People infected with HIV are incredibly susceptible to contracting tuberculosis which is an airborne disease due to the weakening of the immune system through the virus. Tuberculosis TB is one of the leading causes of death among HIV infected people in the developing world, accounting for about 13 percent of HIV-related deaths. There are cures available though recently there has been an increase in the number of people contracting drug-resistant forms of TB.

relationship between poverty and infectious diseases

The three aforementioned diseases are widely recognised and receive a higher portion of funding to develop ways to tackle them however there are a string of lesser known diseases which also have a devastating impact upon impoverished populations. Diseases such as dengue fever, cysticercosis, toxocariasis, leishmaniasis and murine typhus are common in tropical areas while cases of Chagas disease are also being increasingly reported among the warmer, poorer southern states of the USA.

Diseases and the Links to Poverty

Diseases such as measles, other respiratory infections and diarrhoea are also strongly linked to poverty. The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights stipulates the right for everyone to have access to medical care when in need.

relationship between poverty and infectious diseases

As stated in Article 25 of the aforementioned treaty: Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.